Also, the analysis of the data is relatively straightforward. Recognition and respect for individual and collective identity is essential in a pluralistic and democratic society. Social Studies Research and Practice www.socstrp.org Volume 9 Number 1 119 Spring 2014 Effectively Using Social Studies Textbooks in Historical Inquiry Scott L. Roberts Central Michigan University Of all of the educational tools used in social studies education, by far the most critiqued is the standard basal textbook. But it rests on untested assumptions regarding textbook use per se. Frequency of UseUse Next Year Third, teachers care about helping students learn. The results suggest social studies teachers believe that textbooks provide them with instructional benefits. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Lecture Principal. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Their cooperation acts as an incentive. "5 Tyson-Bernstein and Woodward blame a "litany of anachronistic legislation, empty bureaucratic rituals, unresolved dilemmas and unintended side effects" which created a "textbook machine" which took on "a life of its own. Finally, statistical tests were run to check for differences regarding teachers' gender, years of teaching experience, age, location, grade level, courses taught, and highest degree earned on the frequency of textbook use and reasons for use. To ensure that it does get done, they may direct students to read the text orally to one another in class. The data were collected by means of a mailed questionnaire calling for a self-report of practices and explanations. Available for generations 4. In reporting that the teachers surveyed here hold favorable attitudes toward textbook use, we do not endorse the implied pattern of instructional minimalism. Learn more. They report that the additional materials that accompany textbooks-testbanks, worksheets, maps, and posters-are important sources of satisfaction to them. Engle observes that expository teaching based on textbooks and teacher talk is done "without thinking too much, because it is assumed as the natural and traditional way to teach. It helps in achieving the purposes of teaching social studies. Teachers report that textbooks are an important tool for organizing class activities. Monetary rewards certainly do matter to teachers. In a similar fashion, additional years of experience may deepen teachers' relationships with the families of students and school administrators. Teachers express confidence in the knowledge and authority of textbook authors. Confidence in authors2.72.617 Perhaps these relationships over time increase teachers' attention to the expectations of these groups regarding textbook practices. Textbook publishers take great care to organize text material in ways that teachers find attractive. Social studies teachers, like individuals in the private sector, make decisions in order to gain the best combination of anticipated costs and benefits. Teachers are limited by the number of minutes available each day for instruction. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Teachers are likely to depend on textbooks if they believe that textbooks assist students in learning. While the complaints about social studies textbooks are well known, little has been written about why teachers actually persist in using them. Joseph J. Onosko, "Barriers to the Promotion of Higher-Order Thinking in Social Studies" in Theory and Research in Social Education, 19 (4), 341-366. Better textbooks and more adventurous instruction will not be developed until teachers demand to have them. See James M. Buchanan, Constitutional Economics (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, Inc., 1991); Gary S. Becker, The Economic Approach to Human Behavior (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1976); Victor R. Fuchs, How We Live (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983); Richard B. Notes Table 3 What might this have to do with instructional minimalism-with the fact that many teachers offer instruction which makes heavy use of the textbook and little use of other innovations? Teachers' views on the instructional use of textbooks were reflected in responses to statements such as: "Textbooks help me organize my teaching activities." Robert A. Rutter. First, there was a significant difference (f=3.029, df=4, p.02) between years of teaching experience and teachers' rating of external reasons for textbook use. For example, the participants were asked to respond to such statements as: "I use a textbook because my students seem to expect it" or "My principal expects me to use a textbook." Teachers are in control of how they use textbooks. The average scores regarding the expectations of people outside the classroom were relatively low, showing that teachers disagreed that these were important factors. The authors wish to thank Wayne Walker, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee McNair Intern, for his assistance in developing this manuscript. Social studies provides opportunities for students to develop the attitudes, skills and knowledge that will enable them to become engaged, active, informed and responsible citizens. Using the chalkboard or overhead projector, the teacher leads the class in a lecture-discussion routine, focused on assigned textbook readings and on handouts (which may also be associated with the textbook). But teachers, like other people, also consider other incentives-including, for example, security, recognition, travel, access to information, and satisfaction derived from seeing young people learn. Why? Public Choice Theory 101 The survey data were first analyzed by examining average scores reporting the level of and reasons for textbook use. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. 5. They conduct recitation sessions on the textbook pages assigned the previous day; they introduce the next day's reading and allocate class time for students to get started doing it.
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