Online Database. It is listed as a potential environmental weed in Australia and as a weed of sugarcane fields on Iriomote Island, Japan. Ganashan P, Balendira S, Dassanayake MD, 1996. It has been reported as being present as an ornamental in the Caribbean since 1806 (Cleall et al., 1807). Malabar spinach recipes 41. Malabar spinach fritters. Basella alba often grows near rivers and streams so it is possible that it is dispersed by water (PIER, 2017). Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. Plant Disease, 90(6), 830. doi: 10.1094/PD-90-0830B, UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2011. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. It has been reported as native to Africa and/or Asia, but without conclusive evidence (PIER, 2017). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. The native range of B. alba has not been definitively established. Wang and Ng (2001) report the seeds as having antifungal properties. Basella alba. Kew Bulletin, 62(2), 297-320. Encyclopedia of Life. Euro+Med, 2017. It will also form roots when stem nodes touch the ground (Dave’s Garden, 2017). In: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops . In: Tropicos database St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/, National Parks Board, 2020. http://www.pfaf.org/USER/Default.aspx, PIER, 2017. BOLDS, 2017. This will both encourage the production of more stems to harvest, keep the plants from taking over large areas (Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Development-inhibiting activity of some tropical plants against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Global Invasive Species Information Network. Buffalo Spinach Fritters. It is now widely cultivated in the tropics, extending to the subtropics and even to temperate zones as an annual (PROTA, 2017). > 10°C, Cold average temp. Plant Disease, 95(7), 880-881. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-04-11-0276, ZipcodeZoo, 2017. In: Tropicos database. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Where reported as introduced, reported either as invasive or naturalized. In East Africa the plant is given to livestock to increase milk production (PROTA, 2017). Basella alba is a herbaceous, perennial vine cultivated as a leafy vegetable and ornamental in tropical and subtropical and occasionally extending into temperate regions as an annual. This one’s a keeper for me! Ethnomedicine of Dharwad district in Karnataka, India - plants used in oral health care. Extracts from the species have shown to inhibit development in some insects (Haque et al., 2000). If not taken care of, it tends to die back after two or more years. In: Transactions of the Society, Instituted at London, for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, 25 143-212. It can grow in soils with a pH range of 5.5 – 7, but can tolerate 4.3 - 7.5. And Malabar Spinach does even better in the heat than mizuna. > 0°C, wet all year, Continental climate with dry summer (Warm average temp. Basella alba will not flower if the length of daylight is more than 13 hours per day (Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Dave's Garden. Present in wild and cultivation, Oahu Island. USDA-ARS, 2017. Global Posts, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, P.O. The species is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas where it is grown primarily as a vegetable (PROTA, 2017; Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Found on plains up to 2000m elevation, Listed as native and introduced. The leaves are masticated to cure aphthae in India (Hebbar et al., 2004). Ceylon spinach (Basella rubra). African Entomology, 15(2), 300-309. http://journals.sabinet.co.za/essa. Although it is cultivated worldwide up to 2600 m elevation and in tropical, subtropical and temperate areas, the species will grow best in hot, dry to humid climates and in areas below 500 m elevation (PROTA; 2017; ZipcodeZoo, 2017). Flowers perfect, sepals white, pink, or red, 3-5 mm long, united to above the middle, urceolate to cylindrical, the 5 lobes broad, short, cucullate; stamens included, inserted at the base of the perianth lobes, the filaments short, the anthers cordate, included; ovary conical, l-locular, sometimes partitioned, the 3 styles slender, papillose pilose. Cook A, 2010. Vietnamese Clam Soup with Spinach. A popular postpartum tonic is produced from B. alba in Thailand (Panyaphu et al., 2011). Economic Botany, 17, 195-9. doi: 10.1007/BF02859436, Zhang, S., Fu, Y., Mersha, Z., Mo, X., Palmateer, A. J., 2011. Present in wild and cultivation, Reported as being introduced or possibly native.
2020 malabar spinach invasive