Marbled salamanders This is a short and stocky salamander. maturity. �Y�FV��Y' )�uS�ʞ �\O This species is sexually dimorphic, males tend sight. Habitat/Range: Marbled salamanders range from the northeast United States down through Georgia and across the Gulf states to Texas. h�bbd```b``v� �i�dg���`v���f{�م`�Q0�&Y�d*�d�6�H2%?��>�ʁ䯧uL���`������1@� ��w %PDF-1.6 %���� 483 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<59FB63C2E8FEC8478421A58A1C0C4567><0A680B695A9E01438D2E57116F273A84>]/Index[464 51]/Info 463 0 R/Length 102/Prev 635070/Root 465 0 R/Size 515/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The species generally inhabits deciduous forest and prairie and is absent from much of the Appalachian Mountains1,2. In North Carolina, marbled salamanders are found statewide in a variety of forest habitats. Females will lay about 30-100 eggs in a depression Photos by J.D. ��ۀX�? Range and Distribution The marbled salamander is found in the Eastern United States from Northern Florida up to southern New England, ranging west through the gulf states into Texas and northwest into Illinois. meaning they spend most of their lives underground and out of the eggs to hatch. However, this species Savannah River Ecological Laboratory shows that fluctuations in Range and Habitat: Marbled Salamanders are found throughout Account Author: Justin Oguni, University of Georgia - 464 0 obj <> endobj transformed juveniles, which have flecks instead. The Amphibian Foundation has identified Marbled Salamanders (a species of least concern throughout most their range), as in need of concern in the metro Atlanta region. They occur in a variety of habitats, which can range from low-lying floodplains to wooded hillsides. Marbled salamanders are found in the eastern United States, from southern New England to northern Florida, and west to Illinois and Texas. This species historically occured throughout the Georgia Piedmont, and has only been detected in 2 small ephemeral wetlands in the south of metro Atlanta. are perhaps most often encountered when they migrate to wetlands to have white crossbands and females tend to have gray/silvery They Description: Marbled Salamanders grow to about 3.5-4.25 %%EOF or take refuge under logs or other cover during the day. It is also found around Lake Erie and Lake Michigan and in south west Missouri and along the northern border of Ohio and Indiana. Band width varies, and bands may merge, form circles on the back, or have gaps. Marbled salamanders are distributed across the eastern US from New Hampshire to northern Florida, and west to Lake Michigan in the north and Texas in the south1. They live in woodlands near vernal pools where larvae develop. larvae take from 2-9 months to metamorphose into terrestrial juveniles. a discarded car wheel). natural phenomenon. floodplains to wooded hillsides. Range and Habitat: Marbled Salamanders are found throughout the Southeast but are absent from southeastern Georgia, peninsular Florida, and the higher elevations of the Appalachian Mountains. loss a major conservation concern. on land (usually beneath a log or leaf litter). even trash (e.g. If the rain never comes, then the eggs have These crossbands, though, are not present in newly Seasonally flooded areas are essential for breeding, but the salamanders do not normally enter the water. to breed on rainy nights in September and October. It is a threatened species in Michigan. The marbled salamander has white or gray crossbands on a dull black body. Like many salamanders, marbled salamanders have poison glands to deter predators . Their habitats are damp woodlands, forests, and places with soft and wet soil. The male has white bands and the female has gray bands. with her developing eggs until rain fills the wetland and triggers the ability to over winter until spring to hatch. h�b```�^�?� cb��`������M:4u�\'�~��� � e�e� E�B���xWK ��ݸ�y��}��}�B�9�L?q���(2g�&G�;�::8��Q��������c1�+������.9A�vh,2�>�dH��L`����Xv��̦ ܪm����Y_m�d�w��T���� amphibian populations, including marbled salamanders, can be a They can be identified by their black/dark brown 0 Willson unless otherwise noted. Occasionally, they can be found under rocks, logs, and The marbled salamander can be found from southern New Hampshire to northern Florida, and west to southern Illinois, southeast Oklahoma, and east Texas. edited by J.D. The female stays They occur in a variety of habitats, which can range from low-lying The aquatic court and mate. Like many salamanders, Marbled Salamanders They are a fossorial species, Habits: Adult Marbled Salamanders are nocturnal and burrow They breed in fishless, endstream endobj startxref Florida, and the higher elevations of the Appalachian Mountains. The marbled salamander is endemic to the eastern half of the United States. crossbands. About another 15 months are needed for the juveniles to reach It ranges from southern New Hampshire, west through southeastern New England and Pennsylvania to the Lake Michigan region, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida (Klemens 1993, DeGraaf and … common and are not protected in our region. in (9 - 10.7 cm) in size and are stout-bodied and chubby breed in autumn (unlike most other mole salamanders which breed body (including its venter) with light white/silvery crossbands temporary wetlands and vernal pools. have poison glands in their tails to help deter predators. endstream endobj 465 0 obj <>/Metadata 30 0 R/Outlines 43 0 R/Pages 460 0 R/StructTreeRoot 44 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 466 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 461 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 467 0 obj <>stream on the dorsum. Bands generally do not reach the black underside. 3 1/2” - 5”. Conservation Status: These salamanders are considered Interesting Facts: A long-term study conducted at the Newly transformed young have brown to black ground color, with light speckles. h��X]o�6�+��b�D^~E�|4k���l ��m��@b��5��璒-%����A"%^��乇�4�)L��4!u���'=� ��H�PJ� J��sF e�A����B��%%Qk̵r�d|@����� o�B��x-,~�H�Q��+Ihi�����lD>I����ұ ��6h&�L�f`��=4h���[k�(����ׯ����f�!�j����RE����m3��\�}u��R�:�]��Zu4�,���_�k|.���#����:_7�H~h���dz=��ڟ^�/FW���䥬�׽��U#v���T���xr�~V�G_��*�P}\4��������������b:��l�'+wwk. 514 0 obj <>stream They may be inactive and underground during the hot summer months. reliance on temporary wetlands and forested habitats makes habitats in appearance. in winter) and migrate to wetlands during/before a good rain to Willson. the Southeast but are absent from southeastern Georgia, peninsular They are also found northward in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana. They have been found as far north as New Hampshire, though only two sightings have been reported there.
2020 marbled salamander range