With this, the twisty patterns are also more prominent. Damascus Steel: Ancient Sword Making Techniques, Wootz Steel: Making Damascus Steel Blades, The Properties, Production, and Applications of Tin. This is not really Damascus steel since the pattern can be worn away. How to Determine if the Damascus I have is Real? It has been claimed that ‘Wootz’ is in fact a corruption of ‘ukku’, the word for steel in many South Indian languages. Another misconception that is common is that knives that don’t undergo acid etching aren’t Damascus knives. This is highly untrue, as both real pattern-welded and wootz steel knives undergo acid retching after the polishing process to make the patterns on the blade more visible. It is a lightweight and unique steel that has good ergonomics and is truly original. Steel Research 73 no. Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. India began producing wootz well before the birth of Christ, but the weapons and other items made from wootz became truly popular in the 3rd and 4th century as trade items sold in the city of Damascus, in what is modern Syria. John D. Verhoeven (2002). Eventually, the steel was introduced in Damascus, Syria. However, if the acid or laser etching is done on cheaper blades such as carbon steel or stainless steel without any layering, that’s when you know the Damascus steel is a fake. A Step Closer to the … Damascus steel was made by forging wootz into swords and other objects. Alabama Damascus Steel is a company that was founded by Brad Vice, who started off by producing steel billets as well as readymade blades to fulfill the needs of survivalists and adventurers. Required fields are marked *. The blades are forged and then sandwiched into layers of different or same metals to design the wavy pattern, or stainless steel knives are acid-etched to give the aesthetic appeal only. Let’s take a look at the process of how Damascus steel is made. Damascus steel knives are considered ideal hunting knives. Knives and other modern objects made from pattern-welded Damascus steel bear the watery pattern all the way through the metal and possess many of the same characteristics of the original Damascus metal. It is, however, a good steel knife that does the job well. Damascus knives implement premium materials and perform a variety of tasks. Krause. Under these conditions, the metal absorbed carbon from charcoal. Real or Fake Damascus Steel: How to Know the Difference? If the folds are also visible on the knife’s butt, then that is another sign of original Damascus steel. To summarize, the modern Damascus steel, especially if it’s forged or a counterfeit, can be worse or equal in terms of quality as compared to a regular stainless steel knife, which isn’t etched. This word only entered the English language towards the end of the 18th century, when Europeans first began learning about the way this steel was produced. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. One of the misconceptions that people harbor when purchasing Damascus knives is that if the knives don’t have pattern folds in the spine, they are not real. Damascus is a unique wavy pattern that you’ll find in steel with a certain aesthetic appeal. According to the Association for Renaissance Martial Arts, the following is the way of producing Damascus steel, which is the closest to the original. ISBN 978-0-87341-798-3. This technique takes a lot of time and is highly labor-intensive. Damascus steel was originally founded in India and was later passed on to the East by the blacksmiths in India. They are either antique blades which are made using Wootz steel or using pattern-welded steel, which is the historical way of making them. Comes with a sheath for easy carry. Due to their increased functionality and versatility, Damascus steel knives are a prime target for fake replication. This gives it the aesthetic appeal that most people look for, but it doesn’t prove that it’s of high quality. All of the blades in the brand are laser cut, hollow ground heat-treated, etched and precision-grounded. Damascus is a unique wavy pattern that you’ll find in steel with a certain aesthetic appeal. One of the most pressing concerns that knife-lovers face is whether Damascus steel is real or fake. Before we go over the main part of the article, it is imperative to understand what Damascus steel is and how it originated. This process helps in creating the wavy pattern that Damascus steel is famous for. The techniques for making wootz were lost in the 1700s, so the source material for Damascus steel was lost. 10–11. This is why it is important to look for other signs when buying a Damascus steel, such as the consistency of the folds on the blade. There’s a modern patent for that process, but in broad terms it’s iron cooked in an air-tight crucible with a source of carbon. In order to produce this kind of steel, the process is similar to the one mentioned above. If you still have any questions related to Damascus steel and its types of steel, you can go over the following frequently asked questions to clear out some of your doubts. The steel is then laminated in San Mai’s mold, and the three layers of steel are squashed in together. To date, no one really knows what kind of alloy was used in the making of Damascus.