Lions need a lot of protein and energy so you can expect that they eat rather meaty meals. Featured Quiz: African Animals - May 15, 2018; 33 Rescued Circus Lions Prepare for African Voyage - November 5, 2015; VIDEO: White Lion Cubs at Toronto Zoo - October 18, 2015 Lions eat a variety of animals, which are hunted by the lionesses (or female lions) of the pride, or group of lions. Behavior . Now, there are only about 20,000 wild lions according to Mother Nature Network, but thanks to the forward-thinking nature of the Maasai, they stand a better chance. History Business & Finance Geography World View Science Pets & Animals Home / Pets & Animals / Mammals / Large Cats / What Eats Mountain Lions? I listed a few animals that most lions eat and African lions do eat just that. We follow this pattern in zoos, as our lions have two “starve” days out of seven. No predators hunt lions to eat them; however, they do have a few natural enemies, such as hyenas and cheetahs. They usually kill medium sized mammals, such as zebra, deer and wildebeest. What Eats Mountain Lions? That's good, because — as we've mentioned — there aren't many lions left. According to the article, when wounded, a sable antelope will drop to its knees and gore its would-be attacker, its horns revealing an inconvenient truth straight to the heart of an unlucky lion. However, those odds aren't too high, and that's about all of the wildlife that poses a real threat to a lion. Animals like cheetahs and hyenas are known for stealing and eating lion cubs – if and when the opportunity arises. Decomposer, i.e. fungi, bacteria, micro-organisms, eat lions. And, what does a lion eat? However, due to low remaining lion numbers, the Post article proclaims that even the Maasai have chosen conservation over tradition, choosing to prove manhood through Olympics-style competition instead. Well, they aren't totally invincible, and there are multiple species with the potential of switching off a lion's "mane" life force. Humans are another major enemy and are the largest threat to wild lion populations. Lions occupy a penthouse suite atop the food chain, overlooking the animal kingdom like a regal beacon of doom. And very young lions can be killed by hyenas, leopards and other predators when they are not being watched carefully by their mothers. Eric Kilby/CC-BY-2.0. Now, crocodiles are obviously dangerous, and hippos have a reputation for being more dangerous than anything else, but antelopes? Lions are popular targets for trophy hunters, especially amongst wealthy westerners. According to “Prey preferences of the lion ( Panthera leo )” by Hayward et al., lions prefer the following animals: Zebra Buffalo Wildebeest Gemsbuck or South African oryx Giraffe Warthog Lions sleep for 16 to 20 hours a day. So long as gun-toting dinguses don't go slaying for the 'gram and we preserve their fast-shrinking habitat, lions will be around for a while yet. For example, a lion is a predator when it eats a zebra, but a cannibal if it eats another lion. They often eat animals which have been killed by another hunter, such as hyenas. What African Lions Eat. While the lion is an apex predator, it falls prey to humans. Scavengers may have their fill, but ultimately the last thing that consumes the lion's energy (calories) are decomposers. Lions often lose their kills to hyenas and sometimes to crocodiles. Why? This will usually occur if a lion bites off more than it can chew — but not because there are any rougher, tougher predators looking to snack on lions. In theory, any scavenger might feed upon a lion after it's dead, but the only true remaining lion killer is us humans. Lions hunt for food every few days. Besides, the Maasai tribe doesn't eat game meat, meaning there simply aren't any animals alive today that naturally consume lions. Lions Favorite Prey (lion diet) Cape Buffalo Gemsbok Wildebeest Burchell’s Zebra Giraffe Warthog Cubs are often killed by hyenas, wild dogs, and leopards. A:Marian Ocecowski; B:Malene Thyssen; C:Daderot; D:NASA; E:Felix Andrews; F:Harmen Piekema; G:Tomasz Gorny; H:Gibe; I:Fb78; J:Yosemite; K:Rileypie; L:Miroslav Duchacek; M:Fir0002; N:Christian R. Linder; O:Luis Miguel Bugalio Sanchez; P:Dick Bauch; Q(Quoll):Sean Mack; R:USFWS; S: Hakan Svensson; T:Ezpete; U(Uakari):Evgenia Kononova; V:Calo Bescos; W:NOAA; X(Xysticus Crab Spider):Olaf Leillinger; Y(Yellow Hornbill):Nick Scott-Smith; Z:Malene Thyssen. They most often hunt at dawn or dusk, but can adapt to their prey to change their schedule. Hyenas compete with lions for food and often try to steal their kills. Specifically, the Maasai tribe has long been known for its rite of passage lion hunting, according to the Washington Post, which required a young man to kill a lion to become a warrior. Reference.com says lions can die attacking animals like crocodiles, sable antelopes, or — heaven forbid –- a hippo. But a healthy adult lion has little to fear from any other animal. Now, lets get into what African and mountain lions eat. Hyenas compete with lions for food and often try to steal their kills. No predators hunt lions to eat them; however, they do have a few natural enemies, such as hyenas and cheetahs.